"This is the Galata tower, right in the centre of the Galata quarter which is the old Genuese part of Istanbul. The existence of a Genuese community dates back to the bycantine time and it continued to exist in relative autonomy even after 1453, when the Ottoman empire had conquered the city. Consequentely, Galata always had a catholic identity, surrounded by a cultural mixture of muslims, Greek and Armenian othodox christs and jews. Later the quarter was also inhabited by a large number of jewish people which was due to the increased amount of jews in the ottoman empire as a whole because it had received a lot of refugees mainly from Spain. In the 19t century it was culturally a very mixed quarter.